- The dual threat of military action in Syria and further sanctions on Iran saw oil prices rised by 8% last week.
- Analysts from RBC have pointed to a “fear premium” for oil prices as a broader regional conflict plays out in the Middle East.
- Last week’s rally also caused a breakout from oil’s recent trading range, which means technical factors suggest another move higher from here.
There are increasing signs that a break above $80 for a barrel of oil is now on the cards, after benchmark Brent crude prices closed on Friday night at $72.58 a barrel.
That capped a weekly gain of 7.9%, while West Texas Intermediate (WTI) oil closed at 67.39, which left both measures at their highest level since 2014.
Heightened geo-political tensions have been the main catalyst for the recent price action, and the US-led attack on chemical weapons facilities in Syria over the weekend did nothing to dispel the threat of further conflict in the region.
Markets are also assessing the prospect of a breakdown in the nuclear disarmament deal between the US and Iran, with President Donald Trump pushing for key changes by May 12 which could see the US withdraw from the agreement.
That being said, analysts from Barclays Bank aren’t putting too much weight on the outcome of potential changes to the US-Iran nuclear deal.
“Yes, it should kill the prospects for medium-term oil investment, and yes it could destabilize the region further, but we struggle to accept a narrative that the market had been expecting big gains in Iranian output over the next several years anyway,” Barclays said.
The analysts forecast that geo-politial tensions will keep oil elevated above $70 a barrel through April and May, before prices decline towards $60 a barrel by the end of the year.
Prior to last week’s rally, oil prices were already trending higher, with recent statements from OPEC indicating it’s in no rush to to put a halt to its current round of supply cuts.
AxiTrader’s Greg McKenna noted this morning the latest price-action marks a key break from oil’s recent trading range.
So in addition to market fundamentals and geo-political developments, technical factors also point to another move higher for oil prices.
“In the case of Brent the target is now $81.00-$81.50 a barrel while for WTI it’s around $74-$75,” McKenna said.
Here’s McKenna’s assessment of the technical price action in West Texas Intermediate:
AxiTrader’s Greg McKenna/Business Insider Australia
Among the reasons to be more cautious about the bullish price-action, there’s always the prospect that US shale oil producers will respond to higher prices by ramping up production.
Back in January, analysts from CBA cited rising US production as one of the main factors that will lead to a sharp reversal in oil prices later this year.
And a report in the Financial Times addressed the latest escalation in Syria may be reminsicint of previous military interventions in the middle-east which threatened global oil supplies.
History shows that traders often bid up oil prices as the threat of military strikes increases.
But once military begins, the outcome often becomes more clear — particularly if it involves surgical airstrikes rather than a broader offensive — and that certainty can give rise to a corresponding selloff.
However, research from RBC Capital Markets indicates market participants should be aware of a larger regional conflict playing out in the middle-east that’s giving rise to a “fear premium” for oil prices.
“With Syria tensions escalating, the critical concern is that the conflict could ignite a regional conflagration,” RBC said.
“Meanwhile, the proxy war raging in Yemen presents a clear risk to regional energy supplies given attempted attacks on Saudi targets.”
McKenna concluded that traders will have to consider how the conflicts playing out on various fronts will affect the outlook for oil in the near-term.
“Overall, even if this ultimately proves an unsustainable spike, a run higher still looks likely when we add the technical picture to the fundamental backdrop,” McKenna said.